Chip Taylor Communications

Subject: History

Timeblazers: History and More Series

"Highly Recommended. Each episode provides an interesting, engaging history lesson packaged in a kid-friendly format. Viewers can discuss what we can learn from history. What lessons have historical events taught us? How have things we take for granted today evolved over the centuries? Viewers can have fun looking Click for more

14. Child Labor: Kid Jobs

14. Child Labor: Kid Jobs

Alex (Stephen Joffe) knows that a lot of people think he's strange - a 12-year-old boy starting his own "national" newspaper. But the way he sees it, kids can do just about anything. Enter Timeblazers Jen (Heidi Leigh) and Sam (Mike Ackerman), who mistakenly believes kids' jobs were easy in the old days. The time ruler goes back to the year 1620, aboard a Pilgrim's sailing ship headed to North America, where we learn that deck boys made all the meals, were timekeepers, learned navigation using a sextant and the stars, swabbed the decks, tied knots for the sails, and sometimes even navigated the ship. We jump to the 1800s and Victorian England, the time of Queen Victoria, Sherlock Holmes, and Ebenezer Scrooge, when fireplaces were very important to every home and chimney sweeps or chummies worked to keep the chimneys clean; also we see boys as young as eight years old worked as miners, mining coal, which they used to heat the homes; also they sorted the minerals, or opened and closed ventilation shafts, or were sent down to explore the very smallest of tunnels. Next to the Civil War battle of Shiloh in 1862, where we discover the importance of being a drummer boy; one could direct the troops with his drumming just like a conductor leads an orchestra with his baton. We learn of John Joseph Klem, who enlisted at age 11 and was promoted to Sergeant; also of Willie Johnston, age 12, who received the Medal of Honor. Then we learn about Newsies, boys who worked to get newspapers out to the public during the late 1800s and early 1900s to help feed their families. Famous Newsies were Ben Franklin and Mark Twain. Newsies earned only about 2 cents for every paper sold and in 1899 they went on strike against publishers Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst, who in the end agreed to buy back the boys' unsold papers. 05/10DE IJ 30 min.

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